Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.

This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery. Large incisions can be avoided during laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a slim tool that has a tiny video camera and light on the end, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a video monitor. Laparoscopic instruments are used to perform surgery.

The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include